Most of us do not know where the cotton in our garments was grown and under what conditions. Conventional cotton is bought and sold on the commodity market. For years prices have been low – sometimes lower than the cost of production (with the use of subsidies and competition).
All products made using organic cotton can be traced back to their country of origin through the organic certification process. Organic cotton farmers depend upon receiving a price for their efforts, that covers the cost of production at least. Trade commitments between producers and buyers are still rare but becoming more common. Ultimately, both grower and retailer are less vulnerable to the highs and lows of commodity prices if under contract. Further, farmers tend to grow other crops as part of the organic system resulting in better food and income security.